Building Cabinets and Drawers for Van Kitchen and Storage
Building Cabinets and Drawers for Van Kitchen and Storage
We built lightweight and sturdy cabinets for our camper van conversion. This step of the van build was where we really came to realize the difficulties imposed by the curved walls and weird protrusions in a van interior. We worked with and overcame those difficulties!
Priorities for our build were to:
Maximize circulation space, and minimize dead space
Keep down cost of materials
Stick Built vs. Traditional Construction Cabinets
We elected to stick-build our cabinets due to the significantly lighter weight and lower cost, along with the added flexibility in construction. Traditional cabinets in a house are typically built with ¾” plywood, but as each sheet of ¾” plywood weighs about 70 pounds, that’s a lot of unnecessary weight and material.
Stick built cabinets means the structure of the cabinet is made of “sticks” of standard lumber, mostly 2×2, 2×3, and 2x4s. After the full structure is built, the sticks can be faced with a thin plywood. In our case, we faced with ¼” baltic birch plywood, and ⅛” plywood where the faces aren’t visible or used (like under the bed).
How to Anchor the Cabinets to the Van
A backing panel of ½” plywood is bolted into the plusnuts installed in the van, and cabinet frame sticks are glued and nailed/screwed into the panel. This backing panel serves two purposes: first, backing provides a straight and flat surface for the back of the cabinet, which relieves us from the undulations of the van wall. Second, it secures the entire frame to the van.
Heard of plusnuts? They provide a very strong fastening point in existing holes in the van, minimizing the need to drill holes and risk rust. Read More >
We would have loved to use a thinner plywood for the backing panel (as always, for weight and cost). We used ½” because the bolts through this plywood are the critical points where the entire cabinet is kept in place.
The feet of each cabinet are also screwed, using pocket holes, to the van’s ½” subfloor.
Pocket Holes: THE Method for Wood Fastening
Let’s get to the point: You want to do yourself the favor of purchasing a pocket hole jig. We tried to resist at the start of our build, and quickly relented.
There is no better way fastening pieces of wood at a corner “butt” joint that is so strong and effective, but still pretty easy. It’s certainly much better than adding thousands of corner braces to your build (dead giveaway of a noobie), and a lot simpler than fancy woodworking joinery.
We recommend watching this video to get a feel for the benefits of pocket hole joinery. That video will be clearer than any explanation we try to write up.
(We think the Mini Jig is plenty adequate for a beginner, and a big cost savings. You will need to get a C-Clamp to use the Mini Jig, and a set of Pocket Hole Screws which have a special flat bottom head)
Designing the Cabinets
The first step was to decide our main priorities for these cabinets:
Stove at the sliding door, for ventilation and a view when the weather allows
A big drawer for pots and pans
Sink & water tank on the driver side, as this will balance the weight of the solar batteries on the passenger side
Space for an easily accessible trash can
Ample counter space, not relying on flipping up counter top space every time we cooked
We modeled our cabinets in SketchUp using color codes for the different lumber sizes (red are 1x2s, yellow are 2x2s, etc). As you can see by the colorful model, we really were trying to make the most of the lumber, minimizing waste and going with smaller profile lumber where possible, and also keeping in mind what lumber we already had on deck. A digital mock-up is not strictly necessary, but it helped us narrow down our thoughts as we were talking it over.
On the passenger side of the van, we have our stove/oven combo, refrigerator, and some storage drawers. This is the side we started with, since we knew it would be the more complicated design in order to house the appliances and still make the best use of the space. We made sure to have the appliances delivered and measured for accurate directions and measurements before constructing the cabinet. For example, the stove required support below and on all sides, and the refrigerator came with clearance requirements to allow for proper air flow.
Our Propex Heater sits to the back of the cabinet under the oven, and the duct leads to a vent at the cabinet face at the bottom.
Side note: astute readers will notice that placing the hot oven adjacent to the refrigerator may not be ideal. That is where the flexibility of stick-built cabinets shines! We stapled a piece of Reflectixbetween the two appliances, which acts as a radiant barrier meaning it reflects the oven’s heat away from the refrigerator. The Reflectix has an air-gap of at least 1inch on either side, a necessity for its barrier to be effective.
Stove & Refrigerator Cabinet Storage
We decided to do one large drawer over the refrigerator for all of our cooking utensils and silverware. It’s nice, we think, to be able to see it all in one glance, though we may further compartmentalize the silverware at a future time.
We had some available space on the side of the cabinet near the oven which we used to carve out some open cubbies. We use these for our tea canisters (we love our brews), vitamins, and other miscellaneous items that we want easy access to.
To the far right of the cabinets, we did step down the cabinets to make use of some of the space under the bed. These are currently open shelves:
Top shelf – Spices on a slide out shelf. We originally built this as a fixed shelf, but can attest that trying to find spaces in the back of a deep shelf is a pain, so we altered the drawer and added drawer slides.
Middle shelf – Collapsing Mixing Bowl, (2) dinner plates, (2) salad plates, (2) large bowls, (2) smaller bowls. We thought we would need to make slots for the plates to sit in, but surprisingly they have not fallen out even on bumpy roads! So it accidentally worked just with the ledge as built.
Bottom shelf – This bottom shelf is open to the floor, and we added a bottom ledge so that whatever we put down there doesn’t vibrate out on the bumpy dirt roads we frequent.
We also have our control panel mounted here, which has:
Battery monitor – Provides data about the health of our solar system, charge of our batteries, and current electrical usage.
Inverter switch – Turns inverter on and off depending on if we need it or not (it helps save on battery when it’s turned off if we’re not using our 120v electrical outlets.)
Propex Heater Control – Turns the heater on/off, and set the temperature level.
Sink & Trash Cabinet
The other cabinet is our sink / trash cabinet, and was more straightforward. Design included:
Faucet away from the bed, so we wouldn’t worry about splashes.
Pull-out trash can on drawer glides
Trash can adjacent to the bed so it can be pulled out without blocking the aisle
We also have a gray water tank that our sink drains into, which takes up a significant amount of the space under our sink cabinet. The fresh water is in a 25 gallon tank under the bed.
We included a toe kick on this side for extra toe room. We started the sink/trash cabinet construction by attaching the toe kick studs to the plywood floor using pocket screws, and building the stick frame upward off of that foundation.
For the pull out trash can, we already had this Ikea trash can in our home, and decided to simply use it in our van, since this would be our new home! We like it because it has a flip up lid to keep smells from creeping out. We took the container dimensions and created a wood frame that the trash can could sit into, then attached the drawer slides to the frame.
Another difference from the Oven/Refrigerator cabinet is that we used a thicker plywood for our doors, since we had a hinged doors here. It’s hard to find concealed hinges that could work with a thinner plywood at a reasonable price, and we had the perfect amount of ¾” plywood on hand for these doors. We didn’t add the doors until we had everything within this cabinet sorted out (including the plumbing setup) which is why the image below includes the installed countertop and sink.
As far as storage inside the cabinet, we constructed a perfect little shelf above the gray water tank in order to make use of this space. We currently use this space for cleaning supplies, and our fire extinguisher. On the trash can side of the cabinet, we have space underneath the trash can which perfectly fits our coffee machine.
The cabinet facing is ¼” Baltic Birch plywood finished with polyurethane, and was attached with glueand finishing nails to the cabinet framework. On top of the plywood, the outside corner for the Stove cabinet was finished with a ½” aluminum angle trim piece.
Lastly, sides under the bed which won’t be visible were faced without leftover 1/8″ plywood that was screwed to the stick legs of the cabinets.
The drawers were constructed using only ¼” plywood, wood glue, and staples for the box. The drawer faces are also ¼” plywood, and were also glued and stapled from the inside. This is a very thin plywood to use on drawers, but we are happy to report that they are totally sturdy, even our large drawer that is holding a few pots and pans.
This is only possible because we used Baltic birch plywood, check out this article if you’re unfamiliar with its superiority. We purchased ours from a local lumber shop (and we’re happy we had the van to transport the awkward 5′ x 5′ sheets). Baltic birch is not usually available at Home Depot/Lowe’s, and the Birch plywood they sell is a veneer of birch with soft lower-quality plies.
The wood needed to be thicker than 1/4″ to accept the screws where the drawer slides attach to the drawer box. There is an additional strip of ¼” plywood on the inside drawer in order to accommodate this.
The drawer at floor level was not put on slides as the Propex heater was blocking access to the back wall. Therefore, our bottom drawer is instead on locking caster wheels. It’s okay, but can sometimes get finicky if you don’t know how to work it, since the wheels we used do turn. Perhaps a floor track would have been wise. Nevertheless, it’s totally functional and the inconvenience is not unmanageable.
Drawer & Cabinet Hardware
For our pulling mechanism, we elected to keep it simple and do 1-⅜” holes straight into the cabinet drawers and doors. The main benefit is there is nothing sticking out into our kitchen space, plus the ease of installation.
We love the minimalism, but will caution that dust can fly into those holes and may be a concern for some. As strange as it sounds, we are considering making a little finger glove inside of our silverware drawer to block the hole from the inside, as that’s the only one that seems to collect dust in our case, currently.
Cabinet door hinges are a surprisingly confusing topic. We recommend a read of this primer. We recommend these hinges we used which are basic and adequate, and affordable!
Drawer & Cabinet Latches
How do we stop our van drawers from opening while driving?
Here’s our final answer: Touch Release Push to Open Drawer Slides. These have a built in locking mechanism, no additional hardware necessary. Although they are more expensive than typical full extension drawer slides, these are worth it because they add functionality and aesthetics. After all, you don’t need handles or holes to open your drawer when you have push to open.
However, we only stumbled on this superior option when constructing our last drawer. So, for the rest of them.. We used fairly standard full extension drawer slides and tried a few iterations of cabinet latches and ended on these latches as the most effective to keeping our drawers closed. We’ve had our heavier drawers open a couple times on sharp turns, but we deal with that.
We are really happy with these latches. Trust us.. you don’t want your cabinet doors flying open when you’re driving! These latches have kept our doors closed through the bumpiest of driving conditions.
We thought we could skip latches on the upper cabinets. But the bottle of soy sauce that exploded on the floor on a bumpy dirt road said otherwise!
We’ve seen other vans have luck with these magnetic locks, but didn’t like the idea of having to keep track of a key.
We sincerely hope this information is helpful on your build journey!
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